Diarrhea and vomiting in children and infants

Povraćanje i proljev beba

Vomiting and diarrhea occur in children for several reasons. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, hard-to-digest foods (usually sweets), etc. They can be very dangerous for children if they become dehydrated due to frequent diarrhea or vomiting, ie if the child or body loses too much water. The first signs of dehydration are irritability, sudden weight loss (if diarrhea and vomiting last for several days), very infrequent urination, darker urine…

Also, one of the ways every parent can check a child is dehydrated or not is to look into the child’s oral cavity which will show that the child is dehydrated if the tongue is white and has little image accumulation or will show that the child does not need extra fluid and that is fine if there is a normal amount of saliva in the mouth.

Diarrhea is caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, hard-to-digest foods (usually sweets), and so on.

The main task if your child has diarrhea or vomiting is to hydrate him regularly, ie to offer him water very often. An oral hydration solution can also be used as a form of therapy, which will primarily hydrate the child’s body, and also replace the necessary minerals and electrolytes so that the body can recover. It will also suppress diarrhea.

In addition to hydration, nutrition is also important. The child should not be given any sweetened foods such as sweets and sweet juices, but light, cooked foods, fruits such as apples and bananas, stews and soups that will restore his strength and the body will recover faster. Meals should be given in smaller amounts, but often (approximately every two hours). The child can also consume rice, toast, unsweetened cereals and similar foods. If it is a small child who is breastfed or fed an adapted milk preparation, in that case a special milk preparation given during diarrhea can be bought in pharmacies.

Children usually do not need any medication when diarrhea or vomiting occurs because the body thus successfully gets rid of the infection. However, if you notice that your child has very frequent and heavy stools, for example more than 10 times a day or if he vomits as much or if

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